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Connecticut: Constitution State
JOINED UNION: January 9, 1788
STATE BIRD: Robin
STATE FLOWER: Mountain Laurel
MEANING OF STATE NAME: Based on Mohican and Algonquin Indian words for a "place beside a long river"
1992 POPULATION: 3,280,959
RANK FOR POPULATION: 27
LAND AREA: 4,845 square miles
RANK IN SIZE IN UNION: 48
ECONOMY: Insurance, submarines, aircraft engines, helicopters, tobacco, and fruit
HISTORY: Adriaen Block, a Dutch explorer, came here in 1614, the first-known white person to do so. Settlers from Massachusetts started colonies in 1634 and won a battle in 1637 against the Pequot Indians. Connecticut was active in the Revolutionary War, fighting in the Continental Army. The prestigious Yale University is in New Haven and Hartford's "Courant" is America's oldest newspaper.
1870s to Present
NEW HAVEN, Connecticut / CAMBRIDGE, Massachusetts
Harvard and Yale, compatriots in the academic world, have been enemies on the athletic field for well over a century, and nowhere is this rivalry more pointed than on the gridiron. The Yale-Harvard contest that closes the Ivy League season for both schools on the Saturday before Thanksgiving may look genteel -- what with its pre-game tailgate parties sporting Cabernets and pates and Brahms string quartets twittering over the car CD player, the Bulldog and Crimson alumni decked out in their duck-motif sweaters and floor-length beaver coats and beanies...but, hey, it's still all in the name of college football. The Eli and Cantab players still wear shoulder pads and helmets and fight over a pig bladder.
The contest has come to be known simply as "The Game" and the two participants have storied football legacies.
Yale's football legends include the great innovator Amos Alonzo Stagg; Walter Camp, known as the "Father of American Football"; and Walter "Pudge" Heffelfinger. For Harvard, the unforgettables include coaching marvel Percy Haughton, dropkicker Charlie Brickley, and Eddie Mahan.
In 1909, Yale's football team not only went undefeated, untied, and unscored upon, but did not allow an opponent inside the 25-yard line. In 1888, Yale outscored its 13 opponents 698-0, a record that still stands. From 1876-1900, Yale football was 231-10-11.
Harvard could be almost as dominating. From 1908-16 they went 71-7-5.
It is said that alumni donations to each school tend to rise or fall based on who wins the annual clash, and for the players, beating their archrival will often wipe out the disappointment of an otherwise losing season. Before "The Game," Eli coach Tad Jones once told his players, "Gentlemen, you are about to play football for Yale against Harvard. Never in your lives will you ever do anything so important."
While Yale has more often had the better team, Harvard has made a habit in the last quarter-century of spoiling perfect years for the Bulldogs, or denying them of the Ivy League title."Harvard Beats Yale, 29-29," read the famous headline in The Harvard Crimson the day after undefeated and previously untied Harvard scored 16 points in the last minute of their 1968 game to deadlock the undefeated and previously untied Bulldogs.
Both schools have sent many players to the NFL, though few have gone in recent decades, since the Ivy League does not offer athletic scholarships. Certainly the most renowned football player from either school is Brian Dowling, Yale's quarterback in the late 1960s, who compiled a record of 16-1-1 while a junior and senior starter. Dowling had a forgettable pro career but he has been forever immortalized for his Yale exploits. That's because one of his schoolmates was cartoonist
Garry Trudeau, who used Dowling as the model for quarterback "B.D." in the Doonesbury comic strip.
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