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Ohio

Ohio: Buckeye State

CAPITAL: Columbus
JOINED UNION: March 1, 1803
STATE BIRD: Cardinal
STATE FLOWER: Scarlet Carnation
MEANING OF STATE NAME: From the Iroquois Indian word for "good river"
1992 POPULATION: 11,016,385
RANK FOR POPULATION: 7
LAND AREA: 40,953 square miles
RANK IN SIZE IN UNION: 35
ECONOMY: Transportation equipment, grains, trade, metal products
HISTORY: Home to Indians like the Shawnee, Ohio was visited by French explorer La Salle in 1669. Fighting between Indians and settlers existed throughout the Revolution and into the 1790s. U.S. forces under Commodore Perry defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812. Ohio has been the home of eight U.S. presidents: William Harrison, Ulysses Grant, James Garfield, Rutherford B. Hayes, William McKinley, Warren Harding, William Taft, and Benjamin Harrison.

The Longest Search 1973 AD

COLUMBUS, OHIO

The world's longest-running search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) has been operating since 1973 in Columbus, Ohio. Radioastronomers John Kraus and Robert Dixon have used the Ohio State University radiotelescope to search for intelligent signals from space.

Despite the extreme difficulty in raising money for the search, these dedicated scientists and their colleagues have worked year after year, looking for that beep that might be the first proof of an alien civilization.

Of the many difficulties encountered in searching for these signals, one of the greatest turned out to be completely unexpected, a golf course. After the Ohio State SETI system had been running for a number of years, the land on which the radiotelescope sat was sold to a golf course. The developers wanted to extend the golf course and obliterate the radiotelescope.

But after a public outcry heard around the world, a compromise was reached, allowing the radiotelescope to continue its observations. The radiotelescope continues to do both radio astronomy and SETI to this day.

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